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Kenya

A priority country, Reall has been operating in Kenya since 1991 and pursuing a more commercial strategy since 2005.

Kenya has a housing deficit of over 2m homes, which increases by around 200,000 per annum. There are 50,000 new houses being constructed annually, but this fails to have a significant impact on demand. An estimated 61% of Kenya’s 50m residents live in slums, and over 90% of Kenya’s urban households are rental properties. Credit is mostly unavailable to the vast majority due to informal sources of income. However, in 2017 the Kenyan president announced affordable housing as one of their “Big Four” agendas, and committed to constructing 500,000 homes by 2022.

The majority of Reall’s work in Kenya has taken place in partnership with the National Cooperative Housing Union (NACHU). Through this partnership, NACHU have constructed over 1,500 homes. NACHU has also successfully engaged with the national and regional governments, helping to shape the current housing policy to consider people on low incomes, and have been an active member in government task forces on land, housing and the built environment.

An exciting pipeline of new partnerships and collaborations is being developed, focused on commercial low-income housing developers, and negotiations with government-backed mortgage providers and commercial banks on end-user finance.

People Housed 7,343
Jobs Created 9,880
People with Improved Water 7,343
People with Improved Sanitation 7,343
Women and Children Housed 6,304
Number of Projects 30
Avg. Basic Home Completion Cost (Last 5 Years) $ 13,206
Total Invested $ 14,856,465

Delivery of Homes

Houses

Basic Homes
2638
Total Expected
1819
Complete
819
In Progress
rental homes
37
Total Expected
37
Complete
In Progress
cross subsidy homes
140
Total Expected
120
Complete
20
In Progress

Client Data

Household Demographic Data
Household Size
4.60
Proportion Female
60.8
Proportion Children
50.1
Proportion Elderly
5.2

Kenya Project Finances

Displayed In

Investments — Reall to Affordable Housing Partners

Total Project Investments
KES 1,638,659,476
$ 14,856,465
Loans
KES 1,386,896,291
$ 12,573,922
Grants
KES 251,763,185
$ 2,282,543

Of KES 1,638,659,476 total investments, KES 316,596,048 was recycled funds from previous project payments

Of $14,856,465 total investments, $2,870,333 was recycled funds from previous project payments

Based on exchange rate on 31/10/2021

Funds Lent by Partners to Households
Funds Lent by Partners to Households
KES 929,959,316
$ 8,431,226
Funds Repaid by Households to Partner (to date)
Funds Repaid by Households to Partner (to date)
KES 423,244,738
$ 3,837,235

Market Shaping Indicators: Key Indicators

The lack of market intelligence and data is a key constraint undermining private sector participation and good policy engagement in affordable housing.

A joint initiative of the Centre for Affordable Housing Finance in Africa (CAHF) and Reall, the MSIs aim to bridge this gap by making key market data available to all that need it.

Displayed In

1. Land & Infrastructure

% of urban bottom 40 households without access to basic sanitation services

88.25

Bottom 40 See all MSI countries
Country Year Data Source Value
Cote d'Ivoire 2012 DHS 96.5%
Ghana 2014 DHS 93.15%
Kenya 2014 DHS 88.25%
Morocco 2004 DHS 52.05%
Mozambique 2011 DHS 95.6%
Nigeria 2018 DHS 83.1%
Tanzania 2017 DHS 37%
Uganda 2016 DHS 94.5%
Rwanda 2016 National Institute of Statistics Rwanda (NISR) 13.13%
Pakistan 2018 The DHS Program 2.75%
India 2018 NSSO 76th Round 0.2%

2. Construction & Investment

% of urban population living in slums, informal settlements, or inadequate dwellings

Country Year Data Source Value
Cote d'Ivoire N/A
Ghana N/A
Kenya N/A
Morocco N/A
Mozambique N/A
Nigeria N/A
Tanzania N/A
Uganda N/A
Rwanda 2018 World Bank 42.1%
Pakistan N/A
India 2018 NSSO 76th Round 35%

3. Sales & Rental

Number of residential mortgages outstanding

27,993

National See all MSI countries
Country Year Data Source Value
Kenya 2019 Central Bank of Kenya 27,993
Nigeria 2019 NMRC 32,260
Tanzania 2019 Bank of Tanzania and Tanzania Mortgage Refinance Company Limited 5,460
Rwanda 2020 National Bank of Rwanda (NBR) 44,177
Pakistan 2019 State Bank of Pakistan - Housing Finance Data Review 58,620
India 2020 Reserve Bank of India 9,817,180

3. Sales & Rental

Price of the cheapest, newly built dwelling by a formal developer or contractor

4,000,000 Ksh$37,037.04

Urban See all MSI countries
Country Year Data Source Value
Cote d'Ivoire 2018 Site d'annonce et promotion dans l'immobilier en Côte d'Ivoire 15,500,000 CFA$27,087.48
Ghana 2019 Damax Construction Co. Ltd 108,704 GH₵$19,621.66
Kenya 2019 Tsavo Real Estate 4,000,000 Ksh$37,037.04
Morocco 2019 Various real estate websites 250,000 DH$27,027.03
Mozambique 2016 Casa Minha 3,418,491 MZ$48,147.76
Nigeria 2019 Millard Fuller Foundation; Shelter Origins 2,900,000 NGN$7,651.72
Tanzania 2018 CAHF 37,966,107 TZS$16,508.58
Uganda 2019 Various property developers 125,000,000 UGX$34,097.11
Rwanda 2020 Marchal Real Estate Developers 10,000,000 R₣$11,119.14
Pakistan 2021 Partners 2,500,000 PKR$14,305.33
India 2022 Real estate websites and industry experts 160,000 IN₹$2,176.87

3. Sales & Rental

% of national households that rent their dwelling

35.01

National See all MSI countries
Country Year Data Source Value
Ghana 2017 Ghana Statistical Service 28%
Kenya 2019 Central Bank of Kenya, Kenya National Bureau of Statistics, FSD Kenya 35.01%
Morocco 2014 High Commission for Planning; World Bank 18.5%
Nigeria 2018 World Bank; Nigeria National Bureau of Statistics 21.8%
Tanzania 2017 National Bureau of Statistics 80.56%
Uganda 2016 DHS 53.45%
Rwanda 2020 Access to Finance Rwanda (AFR) and National Institute of Statistics Rwanda (NISR) 8.94%
Pakistan 2017 Population and Housing Census 11.53%
India 2018 NSSO 76th Round 13%

5. Enabling Environment

Ease of Doing Business Index Rank: Global

61

National See all MSI countries
Country Year Data Source Value
Cote d'Ivoire 2020 World Bank 110
Ghana 2020 World Bank 118
Kenya 2019 World Bank Ease of Doing Business 61
Morocco 2020 World Bank 53
Mozambique 2019 World Bank 74
Nigeria 2020 World Bank 131
Tanzania 2020 World Bank 141
Uganda 2020 World Bank 116
Rwanda 2020 World Bank Ease of Doing Business Indicators 38 out of 190
Pakistan 2020 World Bank Doing Business Indicator 108 out of 190
India 2020 World Bank 63 out of 190

6. Economic Environment

GDP Per Capita

173,272 Ksh$1,604.37

National See all MSI countries
Country Year Data Source Value
Cote d'Ivoire 2018 World Bank 1,024,171 CFA$1,789.82
Ghana 2019 World Bank 11,489 GH₵$2,073.83
Kenya 2018 World Bank 173,272 Ksh$1,604.37
Morocco 2018 World Bank 30,725 DH$3,321.62
Mozambique 2018 World Bank 30,772 MZ$433.41
Nigeria 2018 World Bank 659,159 NGN$1,739.21
Tanzania 2018 National Bureau of Statistics; World Bank 2,297,020 TZS$998.80
Uganda 2018 World Bank 2,357,327 UGX$643.02
Rwanda 2019 World Bank 737,578.59 R₣$820.12
Pakistan 2020 World Bank National Accounts Data 188,900 PKR$1,080.91
India 2020 Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation 151,760 IN₹$2,064.76

7. Demand

Population Size

50,221,473

National See all MSI countries
Country Year Data Source Value
Cote d'Ivoire 2017 World Bank 24,437,469
Ghana 2019 World Bank 30,417,856
Kenya 2017 World Bank 50,221,473
Morocco 2017 World Bank 36,471,769
Mozambique 2018 World Bank 29,495,962
Nigeria 2017 World Bank 190,873,311
Tanzania 2019 World Bank 58,005,463
Uganda 2017 World Bank 41,487,000
Rwanda 2019 World Bank 12,626,950
Pakistan 2020 World Bank National Accounts Data 220,892,331
India 2021 Minsitry of Health and Family Welfare 1,361,343,000

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Data last updated on 01/04/2022