This project was implemented by SPARC Samudaya Nirman Sahayak (SSNS) and involved the upgrading of informal housing settlements under the Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP) scheme across a number of different neighbourhoods in Pune. BSUP operated from 2005 to 2017, providing funding for the construction of permanent homes for families and individuals in slums who had been living in their home since 2000 or earlier. Central government provided 50% of the required funds, with a further 30% from state government, 10-12% from individuals and the remainder from the local municipality. Payments were made on completion of construction milestones and were often significantly delayed, so Reall funding was used to bridge finance the work.
The majority of homes were built on plots that were already inhabited by the same clients. Previously homes were made from temporary materials with a lack of sanitation facilities and basic infrastructure. Government regulations require that each home is at least 270ft2 but most plots are significantly smaller than this, meaning that they are built upwards, with many being three or four storeys. In cases where the land is too small to effectively build vertically, several households are brought together in agreement to merge their land into a single plot and apartments were built instead. All homes provide reliable access to water, sanitation and energy.
Homeowners were able to choose the type of construction contract they wanted, either self-build, private contractor, or a federation contractor. A team from SSNS regularly monitored and advised on the construction, as well as contracting a third-party quality checker, who checked construction at various stages.
Clients estimated to sit between 1st and 10th percentiles of incomes in Pune
|Unit Size (m2)
|Units built under BSUP programme, which limited houses to 25-30sqm and involved in-situ upgrading. All houses would have a slightly different design but fit under this general description.
Based on exchange rate on 31/10/2021
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Data last updated on 30/06/2022