Bharat Janta

  • Status: Complete
  • People Housed: 882
  • Country: India
  • City: Mumbai
  • Partner: SSNS
  • Year Approved: 2003
Total Invested
INR 17,668,660
Average Completion Cost
INR 616,898
Total Invested
Average Completion Cost
Delivery of Homes
Total Financed
Project Overview

This SPARC Samudaya Nirman Sahayak (SSNS) project is located in Dharavi, Asia’s second largest slum. The residents are drawn from the Bharat Janata Housing Cooperative (BJHC) living previously in slum housing and brought together by the Society for the Promotion of Area Resource Centres, (SPARC) the NGO parent company of SSNS.

Clients were previously living on the site and by joining their plots together were able to create a single large plot on which the apartment buildings could fit.

In a precedent setting initiative, this housing was densified by building a medium rise block of apartments through harnessing the Transferable Development Rights (TDR) approach. TDR is a scheme that enables developers to get valuable development rights from building slum-replacement housing, which can then be sold or used for private development. This works because there are restrictions on the height that buildings can normally be built in Mumbai, however TDR enables developers to build higher. SSNS have therefore used TDR to densify sites either through adding additional buildings or additional floors. Proving this model is an effective method of informal settlement upgrading, this approach is now adopted by other developers in the sector.

Homes Completed
Homes Occupied
Connected to Water and Sanitation

Client Data

Household Demographic Data
Household Size
Proportion Female
Proportion Children
Proportion Elderly
Housing Information
Description Type Number Expected Number Completed Completion Cost
(Local Currency)
Apartments Basic 147 147 616898

Project Finances

Displayed In

Investments — Reall to Affordable Housing Partners

Total Project Investments
INR 17,668,660
$ 236,074
INR 17,668,660
$ 236,074

Based on exchange rate on 31/10/2021

Funds Recouped from Third Parties
Funds Recouped from Third Parties
INR 252,714,220
$ 3,376,559

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Data last updated on 30/06/2022